||Plant that completes its life cycle from seed in one (year)
||Plant species that initiates growth in the fall, lives
overwinter, and dies after producing seed the following season.
||Earlike lobe at the base of leaf blades of certain grass
||Bristle-like growth extending from the lemma of a floret.
||The expanded part of a leaf; that part above the sheath and
away from the stem.
||Plant that normally requires two years to reach maturity;
basal leaves are produced in the first year, while floral structures develop and produce
seed in the second year.
||Grass that propagates by seed only; thin stands appear to be
||Small, one seeded, dry fruit with a thin pericarp surrounding
and adhering to the seed (grain) or fruit of grasses
||Where leaf sheath and leaf blade join.
||Grass species adapted to rapid growth during the cool, moist
periods of the year; usually dormant during hot weather or injured by it.
||Bulblike, short, fleshy, solid stem base, e.g., timothy.
||Jointed stem of a grass.
||Seed from which pods, glumes, lemma, and palea have been
removed, as sometimes with lespedeza and timothy; also often ambiguously referred to as
||In grasses, the lemma and palea with enclosed stamens and
pistil. In legumes, the individual flower, usually belonging to a cluster.
||Herbaceous plants or plant parts fed to domestic animals
(generally, the term refers to such material as pasturage, hay, silage, dehy, and green
chop in contrast to less digestible plant material known as "roughage and/or
'browse", plants of a woody nature); to graze.
||Smooth; having a surface devoid of hair or pubescence.
||The lowest bracts of a grass spikelet which are empty.
Usually there are two per spikelet in grasses.
||Botanically, any plant of the family Gramineae. Generally, in
grassland agriculture, the term does not include cereals when grown or grain.
||Partial defoliation of forage plants by the animal; to feed
animals on growing grass or herbage; to forage. See also Pasture.
||Mechanically harvested forage fed to animals while it is
fresh and succulent. Preferred to "soiling," "zero grazing," or
||Crop grown and plowed under to improve the soil.
||Entire herbage of forage plants, sometimes including seed of
grasses and legumes, that is harvested and dried for animal feed.
||Product resulting from ensiling forage with about 45%
moisture in the absence of oxygen.
||Scar on the seed 'left by the stalk that attached the seed to
||Flowering part of a plant.
||The part of a plant stem between joints or nodes.
||Plant member of the family Leguminosae, with the
characteristic of forming nitrogen-fixing nodules on its roots, in this way making use of
atmospheric nitrogen possible.
||Chaffy bract or scale away from the stem and enclosing the
seed (Palea on the other side).
||Tongue-like, thin, and specialized tissue extending beyond
the sheath and seen at the base of the leaf blade of some grass species.
||The central vein of a leaf.
||Many leaflets per leaf, termed compounding in legumes.
||Joint of a culm or stem.
||Chaffy bract opposite the lemma and facing the stem enclosing
the grass seed.
||A compound leaf with the leaflets attached at the tip of the
||Inflorescence with a main stem (axis) and subdivided
branches. In grasses the panicle may be compact and spikelike (timothy) or open (smooth
||Fenced area of domesticated forages, usually improved, on
which animals are grazed; to graze.
||Primary flower stalk supporting either a cluster or a
solitary flower; in gasses, the stalk of an inflorescence.
||A Forage plant that remains viable for 3 years or more,
producing culm and leaves each year from rootstocks, corm buds, rhizomes, stolons, or
||Stalk. by which a legume leaf blade is attached to the stem;
||Stalk- or the stem-like structure that attach the leaflet to
||The chemist s measure of acidity and alkalinity; pH 7 is
neutral; pH above 7 represents alkalinity and below acidity. The scale is logarithmic; a
solution with a pH of 4 is 100 times as acidic as one with a pH of 6 and 10 times as
acidic as one with a pH of 5.
||A compound leaf with the leaflets arranged along the sides of
a common axis.
|Pure live seed (PLS)
||Percentage of the content of a seed lot that is pure and
viable; determined by multiplying the percentage of pure seed by the percentage of viable
seed and dividing by 100.
||Inflorescence in which the flowers or spikelets are singly
supported along a common main axis.
||Small rachis; axis of a grass spikelet in grasses.
||Axis of a grass spike or raceme.
||Underground stem, usually horizontal and capable of producing
new shoots and roots at the nodes.
|Seed--, Unhulled (in the hull)
||Mature seed with the pods, glumes, or lemma and palea
||A tubular envelope; the lower part of the grass leaf which
fits around the stem (culm).
||Top few centimeters of soil permeated by and held together
with grass roots or grass-legume roots.
||Grass that propagates by seed and vegetatively by rhizomes
and/or stolons to form a sod.
||A grass inflorescence in which spikelets are attached
directly to the rachis.
||Unit of the inflorescence in grasses, consisting of two outer
glumes and one or more enclosed florets.
||One of the usually small, paired leaf-like appendages at the
base of a legume leaf.
||Trailing or lateral stem of some forage species
at or below the soil surface capable of rooting and sending up new shoots at the nodes.
||A thread-like, clasping organ of climbing plants; usually a
modified leaf or part of a leaf.
||Branch or shoot originating from axillary buds at a basal
node in grasses. (Also the last name of Purdue's new football coach.)
||A type of inflorescence in which flowers diverge from the
||A grass species that makes its major growth during the warmer
part of the year. Preferred to "hot weather."