Graphic designed by Lou Jones, Agronomy Dept., Purdue University

Linda S. Lee

Area: Environmental Chemistry


back to my homepage         < Current Research Projects         < Current Graduate Students

Refereed Papers

Refereed Journal Papers  (* denotes graduate student advisee)


(1)      Khan*, B. and L. S. Lee. 2009. Soil Temperature and Moisture Effects on the Persistence of Synthetic Androgen 17α-Trenbolone, 17β-Trenbolone and Trendione, Chemosphere, 79:873-879.

(2)      Hyun*, S. and L.S. Lee. 2010. Phenanthrene and 2, 2', 5, 5'-PCB Sorption by Several Soils from Methanol-water Solutions: The Effect of Weathering and Solute Structure. Chemosphere, 78(4), 423-429.

(3)      Carmosini*, N. and L.S. Lee. 2009. Sorption of an Amphoteric Pharmaceutical Ciprofloxacin by Diverse Types of Dissolved Organic Carbon.  Chemosphere 77:813-820.

(4)      Khan, Bushra, Xianliang Qiao, and Linda S. Lee. 2009. Stereo-selective Sorption by Agricultural Soils and Liquid-Liquid Partitioning of Trenbolone (17α and 17β) and Trendione. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43:8827–8833.

(5)      Ralston-Hooper*, K., J. Hardy, L. Hahn, H. Ochoa-Acuña, L.S. Lee, R. Mollenhauer, and M. S. Sepúlveda. 2009. Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Atrazine and its Metabolites Deethylatrazine and Deisopropylatrazine on Aquatic Organisms, Ecotoxicology, Online June 2009, DOI 10.1007/s10646-009-0351-0.

(6)      Carmosini*, N. and L.S. Lee. 2008. Partitioning of Fluorotelomer Alcohols to Different Sources of Dissolved Organic Carbon. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42: 6550-6556.

(7)      Goldberg, S., S, Hyun, and L.S. Lee. 2008. Chemical Modeling of As(III,V) and Se(IV,VI) adsorption by soils surrounding ash disposal facilities. Vadose Zone J., (In press).

(8)      Khan*, B., S.A. Sassman, and L.S. Lee. 2008. Degradation 17α- and 17β-Trenbolone and Trendione in Agricultural Soils. Environ. Sci. Technol., 42:3570-3574.

(9)      Hyun*, S. and L.S. Lee. 2007. Pentachlorophenol sorption by variable-charge soils in methanol–water mixture: pH effect at the low solvent volume fraction. Chemosphere, 70(3): 503-510.

(10)  Liu*, J., L.S. Lee, L.F. Nies, C.H. Nakatsu and R.F. Turco. 2007. Biotransformation of 8:2 Fluorotelomer Alcohol in Soil and by Soil Bacteria Isolates. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007; 41(23); 8024-8030.  DOI: 10.1021/es0708722.

(11)  Liu*, J. and L.S. Lee. 2007. Effect of Perfluorocarbon Chain Length on Solubility and Sorption by Soils of Fluorotelomer Alcohols. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41(15); 5357-5362.

(12)  Sassman, S. and L.S. Lee. 2007. Sorption and Degradation in Soil of Veterinary Ionophore Antibiotics: Monensin and Lasalocid. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 26, No. 8, pp. 1614–1621.

(13)  Sassman, S., A.K. Sarmah, and L.S. Lee. 2007. Sorption and Degradation of Tylosin A, Tylosin D., and Tylosin A-Aldol in Soils. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 26(8):1629–1635.

(14)  von Kiparski*, Guntram R., L. S. Lee, and A.R. Gillespie. 2007. Occurrence and Fate of the Phytotoxin Juglone in Alley Soils Under Black Walnut Trees. J. Environ. Qual., 36:709-717.

(15)  Hyun*, S, P.E. Burns*, I.P. Murarka, and L.S. Lee. 2006. Se(IV and VI) sorption by soils surrounding fly ash management facilities.  Vadose Zone J., 5:1110-1118.

(16)  Burns*, P.E., S. Hyun*, L.S. Lee, and I.P. Murarka. 2006. Characterizing As(III, V) Adsorption by Soils Surrounding Ash Disposal Facilities.  Chemosphere, 63(11):1879-1891.

(17)  Hyun*, S., C.T. Jafvert, L.S. Lee, and P.S.C. Rao. 2006. Laboratory Studies to Characterize the Efficacy of Sand Capping a Tar-Contaminated Sediment. Chemosphere, 63:1621-1631.

(18)  Liu*, J. and L.S. Lee. 2005. Solubility and Sorption by Soils of 8:2 Fluorotelomer Alcohol in Water and Cosolvent Systems. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39:7535-7540.

(19)  Jafvert, C.T., D. Lane*, L.S. Lee, and P.S.C. Rao. 2006. Partitioning of Mono- and Poly-cyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in a River Sediment Adjacent to a former Manufactured Gas Plant Site. Chemosphere, 62:315-321.

(20)  Sassman, S.A. and L.S. Lee.  2005. Sorption of Three Tetracyclines by Several Soil: Role of pH and Cation Exchange. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39: 7452-7459.

(21)  Strock*, T.J., S.A. Sassman, and L.S. Lee. 2005. Swine Antibiotic Carbadox and Associated N-Oxide Reduced Metabolites. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39:3134-3142.

(22)  Hyun*, S. and L.S. Lee. 2005. Quantifying the Contribution of Different Sorption Mechanisms for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid Sorption by Variable-Charge Soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39:2522-2528.

(23)  Zhai*, X., I. Hua, P.S.C. Rao, and L.S. Lee. 2005. Co-solvent Enhanced Chemical Oxidation of Perchloroethylene by Potassium Permanganate. J. Contaminant Hydrol. 82:61-74.

(24)  Pu*, X., L.S. Lee, R.E. Galinsky, and G.P. Carlson. 2004. Bioavailability of 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB118) and 2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB52) from Soils Using a Rat Model and a Physiological Based Extraction Test. Toxicol., 217: 14-21.

(25)  Hyun*, S. and L.S. Lee.  2004.  Effect of Chemical Acidity and Acid Functional Group on Organic Acid Sorption by Variable-Charge Soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38:5413 -5419.

(26)  Bischoff, M., Lee, L.S., and R. F. Turco.  2005. Accelerated Degradation of N,N'-Dibutylurea (DBU) Upon Repeated Application, Biodegradation, 16:265-273.

(27)  Lee, L.S., S.A. Sassman, R. F. Turco, and M. Bischoff.  2004. Degradation of N,N'-Dibutylurea (DBU) in soils treated with only DBU and DBU Fortified Benlate® Fungicides, J. Environ. Quality, 33:1771-1778.

(28)  Zhu, D., S. Hyun*, J. J. Pignatello, and L.S. Lee.  2004.  Evidence for π-π Electron Donor-Acceptor Interactions between π-Donor, Aromatic Compounds and π-Acceptor Sites in Soil Organic Matter through pH Effects on Sorption. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38:4361-4368.

(29)  Pu*, X., L.S. Lee, R.E. Galinsky, and G.P. Carlson. 2003. Evaluation of a rat model versus a physiologically based extraction test for assessing phenanthrene bioavailability from soils. J. Toxicol. Sci. 79:10-17.

(30)  Hyun*, S. and L.S. Lee.  2004.  Factors controlling sorption of prosulfuron by variable-charge soils and model Sorbents. J. Environ. Qual. 33:1354-1361.

(31)  Sassman, S.A., L. S. Lee, M. Bischoff, and R. F. Turco. 2004. Assessing N,N'-Dibutylurea formation in soils after application of n-butylisocyanate and Benlate fungicides, J. Food Agric. Chem., 52:747-754.

(32)  Das, B.S., L.S. Lee, P.S.C. Rao, and R. Hultgren*. 2003. Sorption and degradation of steroid hormones in soils during transport: column studies and model evaluation, Environ. Sci. Technol., 38:1460-1470.

(33)  Li*, H., L.S. Lee, D.G. Schulze, and C. A. Guest.  2003.  Role of Soil Manganese in the Oxidation of Aromatic Amines.  Environ. Sci. Technol. , 37:2686-2793.

(34)  Pu*, X., L.S. Lee, and G.P. Carlson. 2003. Oral bioavailability of pentachlorophenol from soils of varying characteristics using a rat model.  J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 66:2001-2013.

(35)  Lee, L.S., T. Strock*, A. Sarmah, P.S.C. Rao. 2003.  Sorption and dissipation of testosterone, estrogens, and their primary transformation products in soils and sediment, Environ. Sci. Technol. 37:4098-4105.

(36)  Hyun*, S., Lee, L.S, and P.S.C. Rao.  2003.  Significance of Anion Exchange in Pentachlorophenol Sorption by Variable-Charge Soils. J. Environ. Qual. 32: 966-976.

(37)  Benner*, M., R.H. Mohtar, and Lee, L.S.  2002. Factors affecting air sparging remediation systems using field data and numerical simulations. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 95(3):305-329.

(38)  Fabrega*, J., C.T. Jafvert, H. Li, and L.S. Lee. 2001. Modeling competitive cation exchange of aromatic amines in water-saturated soils. Environ. Sci. Technol., 35:2727-2733.

(39)  Seol*, Y. and L.S. Lee. 2001. Coupled Effects of treated effluent irrigation and wetting/drying cycles on transport of triazines through unsaturated soil columns. J. Environ.Qual., 30:1644-1652.

(40)  Li*, H. L.S. Lee, C.T. Jafvert, and J. Fabrega*. 2001. "Role of pH in Partitioning and Cation Exchange of Aromatic Amines on Soils, Chemosphere, 44:627-635.

(41)  Huang*, X. and L.S. Lee. 2001. Effect of Dissolved Organic Matter from Animal Waste Effluent on Chlorpyrifos Sorption by Soils.  J. Environ. Qual., 30:1258-1265.

(42)  Seol*, Y. and L.S. Lee.  2000. Effect of Dissolved Organic Matter from Treated Effluents on Sorption of Atrazine and Prometryn by Soils, Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J.,  64:1976-1983.

(43)  Li*, H. L.S. Lee, C.T. Jafvert, and J.J. Graveel. 2000.  Effect of Substitution on Irreversible Binding and Transformation of Aromatic Amines with Soils in Aqueous Systems, Environ. Sci. Technol, 34: 3674-3680.

(44)  Huang*, X., L. S. Lee, and C. Nakatsu.  2000. Impact of Animal Waste Lagoon Effluents on Chlorpyrifos Degradation in Soils.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem.,  19:2864-2870.

(45)  Fabrega*, J., C.T. Jafvert, H. Li, L.S. Lee, 2000. Modeling Abiotic Processes of Aniline in Water-Saturated Soils. Environ. Sci. Technol, 34:1687-1693.

(46)  Benner*, M., S. Stanford, R. Mohtar, and L.S. Lee.  2000.  Field and Numerical Analysis of In-Situ Air Sparging: A Case Study, J. of Hazardous Waste Management, 72:217-236.

(47)  Li*, H. and L.S. Lee. 1999. Sorption and abiotic transformation of aniline and a-naphthylamine by surface soils. Environ. Sci. Technol, 33:1864-70.

(48)  Fabrega*, J., C.T. Jafvert, H. Li, L.S. Lee, 1998. Modeling short-term soil-water phase distribution of aromatic amines. Environ. Sci. Technol, 32:2788-2794.

(49)  Biegel*, C.M., L.S. Lee, J.J. Graveel, J.J. Vorst.  1998.  Muskegan’s Land Application of Wastewater: A Case Study. J. Natural Resources and Life Sci. Ed, 27:137-144.

(50)  Biegel*, C.M., L.S. Lee, J.J. Graveel, J.J. Vorst.  1998.  The Midwest Oil Pipeline Leak:  A Case Study. J. Natural Resources and Life Sci. Ed, 27:122-128.

(51)  Biegel*, C.M., J.J. Graveel, L.S. Lee, J.J. Vorst. 1998.  Eagle Creek Landfill: A Decison Case Study. J. Natural Resources and Life Sci. Ed., 27:59-69.

(52)  Nyman*, M.C., A. Nyman, L.S. Lee, L. Nies and E. Blatchley. 1997. Fate of 3,3’-dichlorobenzidine in lake systems. Environ. Sci. Technol., 31:1068-1073.

(53)  Regitano*, J.B., M. Bischoff, L.S. Lee, M. Reichert, and R.F. Turco.  1997. Retention of imazaquin in soil. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 16:397-404.

(54)  Lee, L.S., A. K. Nyman, H. Li*, M.C. Nyman*, and C. Jafvert. 1997. Initial sorption of aromatic amines by surface soils. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 16:1575-1582.

(55)  Lee, L.S. and P.S.C. Rao.  1996.  Impact of several water-miscible organic solvents on benzoic acid sorption. Environ. Sci. Technol, 30:1533-1539.

(56)  Colin, C.S., P.S.C. Rao, and L.S. Lee.  1996. Evaluation of analytical methods for determining polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons from coal tar contaminated soils. Chemosphere, 32:1123-1132.

(57)  Lee, L.S., C.A. Bellin, R. Pinal, and P.S.C. Rao. 1993. Cosolvent effects on sorption of organic acids by soils from mixed-solvents. Environ. Sci. Technol, 27:165-171; 28:366.

(58)  Lee, L.S., M. Hagwall, J.J. Delfino, and P.S.C. Rao. 1992. Partitioning of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons into water from diesel fuel. Environ. Sci. Technol, 26:2104-2109.

(59)  Lee, L.S., P.S.C. Rao, and I. Okuda.  1992. Estimating equilibrium partitioning of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from coal tar into water. Environ. Sci. Technol, 26:2110-2115.

(60)  Pinal, R., P.S.C. Rao, L.S. Lee, P.V. Cline and S.H. Yalkowsky.  1990.  Cosolvency of partially-miscible organic cosolvents on the solubility of hydrophobic organic chemicals. Environ. Sci. Technol, 24:639-647.

(61)  Pinal, R.P., L.S. Lee, and P.S.C. Rao.  1991.  Prediction of the solubility of hydrophobic compounds in nonideal solvent mixtures.  Chemosphere, 22:939-951.

(62)  Lee, L.S., P.S.C. Rao, and M.L. Brusseau.  1991.  Nonequilibrium sorption and transport of neutral and ionized chlorophenols.  Environ. Sci. Technol., 25:722-729.

(63)  Rao, P.S.C., L.S. Lee, and R. Pinal.  1990.  Cosolvency and sorption of hydrophobic organic chemicals. Environ. Sci. Technol, 24:647-654.

(64)  Lee, L.S., P.S.C. Rao, P. Nkedi-Kizza, and J.J. Delfino.  1990.  Influence of solvent and sorbent characteristics on distribution of pentachlorophenol in octanol water and soil-water systems. Environ. Sci. Technol,  24:654-661.

(65)  Woodburn, K.B., L.S. Lee, P.S.C. Rao, and J.J. Delfino.  1989.  Comparison of sorption energetics for hydrophobic organic chemicals by synthetic and natural sorbents from methanol/water solvent mixtures. Environ. Sci. Technol, 23:407-413.

(66)  Lee, L.S., P.S.C. Rao, M.L. Brusseau, and R.A. Ogwada.  1988.  Nonequilibrium sorption of organic contaminants during flow through columns of aquifer materials. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 7:779-793.


Book Chapters

(1)   Carmosini, N. and L. S. Lee. 2007. Sorption and Degradation of Selected Pharmaceuticals in Soil and Manure, IN: Fate of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment and Water Treatment Systems. CRC Press, pp. 139-166.

(2)   Lee, L.S., N. Carmosini, S.A. Sassman, H.M. Dion, and M. S. Sepulveda. 2007. Agricultural Contributions of Antimicrobials and Hormones on Soil and Water Quality, Adv. Agron. Volume 93, Chapter, pp. 1-68.

(3)   Lee, L.S., N.D. Priddy, and D.C.M. Augustijn. 1998. Estimating mass-transfer of polyaromatic hydrocarbons from coal-tar contaminated soil. IN: Soil and Aquifer Pollution: Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids - Contamination and Reclamation, H. Rubin and J. Carberry (eds.) Springer-Verlaag, Berlin, Germany, Chapter 6, p. 91-108.

(4)   Augustijn, D.C.M., L.S. Lee, R.E. Jessup, M. D. Annable, and P.S.C. Rao.  1997.  Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Hydrophobic Organic Chemicals: Theoretical Basis or the Use of Cosolvents.  In:  Subsurface Restoration Handbook, C.H. Ward, J.A. Cherry, and M.R. Scalf (eds.), Ann Arbor Press, Inc., Chelsea, MI, Chapter 15, p. 227-244.

(5)   Rao, P.S.C., L.S. Lee, D.C.M. Augustijn, and A.L. Wood.  1995.  Environmental fate and transport of organic contaminants in soils at waste disposal sites.   Environ. Soil Science Conference Proceedings, Canadian Soil Sci. Soc. Annual Meetings, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (August 10-13, 1992), Canadian Society of Soil Sci., Manitoba, Canada,  Chap. 3, p. 47-93.

(6)    Rao, P.S.C., C.A. Bellin, and L.S. Lee.  1995.  Sorption and biodegradation of organic contaminants in soils: Conceptual representation of process coupling. In:  Environmental Impact of Soil Component Interactions, P.M. Huang, J. Berthelin, J.-M. Bollag, W.B. McGill, and A. L. Page (eds.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL,  Chapter 25, pp. 259-270.

(7)    Rao, P.S.C., L.S. Lee, P. Nkedi-Kizza, and S.H. Yalkowsky.  1989.  Sorption and transport of organic pollutants at waste disposal sites. In: Behavior of Pollutants in Porous Media, Z. Gerstl, Y. Chen, U. Mingelgrin, and B. Yaron (eds.) Springer-Verlaag, Berlin, Germany, Chapter 8, pp. 176-192.

(8)    Rao, P.S.C. and L.S. Lee.  1988.  Sorption of organic chemicals by soils from multi-solvent mixtures, In: Health and Environmental Research on Complex Organic Mixtures, R.H. Gray, E.K. Chess, P.J. Mellinger, R.G. Riley, and D.L. Springer (eds.), DOE 62 Symposium Series, Battelle PNL, Richland, WA, pp. 457-471.

Other Publications

(1)   Lee, L.S. 2008. Emerging Environmental Concerns with Manure Management: Antimicrobials, Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, and Hormones. Crops and Soils Magazine (for the Practicing Professional), In press for March.

(2)   Lee, L.S. 2007. Book Review: Environmental Organic Chemistry, Vadose Zone J., 6:263-264.

(3)   EPRI.  2008.  Chemical Attenuation Coefficients for Boron Using Soil Samples Collected from Selected Power Plant Sites Laboratory Studies #1014058 (Lee, L.S, S. Hyun, J. Kolbe, I. Murarka) Report No.1012585.

(4)   Joint Transportation Research Program. 2007. Guidance Document for In-situ Soil Flushing Remediation. (Lee, L.S, X. Zhai, and J. Lee), SPR-2335.

(5)   Joint Transportation Research Program. 2007. Lab Testing and Field Implementation of Soil Flushing. (Lee, L.S, X. Zhai, and J. Lee) File No. 4-7-8, SPR-2335.

(6)   EPRI.  2006.  Chemical Attenuation Coefficients for Selenium Species Using Soil Samples Collected from Selected Power Plant Sites. (Lee, L.S, P. Burns, I. Murarka) Report No.1012585.

(7)   EPRI. 2004.  Chemical Attenuation Coefficients for Arsenic Species Using Soil Samples Collected from Selected Power Plant Sites. (Lee, L.S, P. Burns, I. Murarka) Report No.1005505.

(8)   EPRI. 2002.  Manganese Occurrence Near Three Coal Ash Impoundments in Illinois. (Hensel, B., Lee, L.S, P. Burns, I. Murarka) Report No.1005257.

(9)   Ecological Soil Screening Level (Eco-SSL) Guidance Document. March 2003. Co-authored Chapter 3: Soil Properties. (Lee, L. S. and C. Menzie).

(10) Lee, L.S., C.T. Jafvert, H. Li, and J.R. Fábrega-Duque.  2000.  Modeling soil-water distribution of aromatic amines in water saturated soil systems. EPA/600/S-99/005 Ecosystems Research Division, National Exposure Laboratory, Athens, GA 30605.

(11)  Electric Power Research Institute. 1999. Estimating aqueous Release Concentrations of Multi-ring Aromatic Hydrocarbons from MGP Soils. EPRI Report, TR-110516 Vol. 2 (Lee, L.S. and I. Murarka).

(12) Graber, E., L.S. Lee, Y.Seol, and X. Huang. 1999. An Inquiry into the Phenomenon of Enhanced Transport Pesticides Caused by Effluents.  United States Department of Agriculture and Binational Agricultural Research Development (USDA-BARD) Report IS-2384-94, U.S./Israel.

(13) Electric Power Research Institute. 1998.  Estimating release of polyaromatic hydrocarbons from coal tar contaminated soil at manufactured gas plant sites.  EPRI Report, TR-110516 (Lee, L.S.).

(14) Electric Power Research Institute. 1996. Estimating aqueous releases of polyaromatic hydrocarbons from coal tar contaminated soils at manufactured gas plant sites.  EPRI Report, TR-101060 (Barry J.E., Williamson, D.G., Loehr, R.C., Lee, L.S., Dai, D.P., Augustijn, D.C.M., Rao, P.S.C.).

(15)  Electric Power Research Institute. 1992.  Estimating release of polyaromatic hydrocarbons from coal tar: Application of Raoult's law.  EPRI Report, TR-101060 (Lee, L.S., P.S.C. Rao, and I. Okuda).

(16)  Rao, P.S.C., L.S. Lee, and A.L. Wood.  March 1991. Solubility, sorption and transport of hydrophobic organic chemicals in complex mixtures.  EPA/600/M-91/009, Robert S. Kerr Environ. Res. Lab., Ada, OK 74820.

(17) Pinal, R., P.V. Cline, L.S. Lee, and P.S.C. Rao.  1990.  Solubility and sorption of organic contaminants in complex mixtures:  Implications on contaminant release and mobility.  Proc. 1st USEPA-EPRI Res. Conf. on "Groundwater Quality and Waste Disposal," Washington, DC.