Purdue University Department of Agronomy

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Updated June 2014
URL: http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/PondingYoungCorn.html

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Ponded corn

Ponded corn




Effects of Flooding or Ponding on Corn Prior to Tasseling

R.L. (Bob) Nielsen
Agronomy Dept., Purdue Univ.
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2054
Email address: rnielsen at purdue.edu

Recent intense rainfall events (technically referred to as “toad stranglers” or “goose drownders”) have caused flooding of low-lying corn fields or ponding (standing water) in poorly drained swales within fields. Other areas within fields, while not technically flooded or ponded, may remain saturated for lengthy periods of time.

What are the prospects for recently submerged corn fields or plants simply enduring days and days of saturated soils? The flippant answer is that such suffering crops will survive until they die.

What I mean to say is that no one can tell you with certainty the day after the storm whether a ponded area of a corn field will survive or whether there will be long-term yield consequences until enough time has gone by such that you can assess the actual recovery of the damaged plants. We can, however, talk about the factors that increase or decrease the risks of severe damage or death to flooded soils.

Related References

Butzen, Steve. Flooding Impact on Crops. Pioneer Hi-Bred Int'l. Online at http://www.pioneer.com/home/site/us/template.CONTENT/agronomy/crop-management/adverse-weather-disease/flood-damage/guid.DE1A9B1D-CAC0-4A04-B9CC-E0820B29080A [URL accessed June 2013].

Ciampiatti, Ignacio, Kraig Roozeboom, and Doug Jardine. 2014. Effect of water-logged soils on corn growth and yield. eUpdate, Kansas State Univ. [On-line] Available at https://webapp.agron.ksu.edu/agr_social/eu_article.throck?article_id=255 [URL accessed June 2014].

Coulter, Jeff, Seth Naeve, Dean Malvick, and Fabian Fernandez. 2014. Considerations for Flooded Corn and Soybean. Minnesota Crop News, Univ of Minnesota Extension. http://blog.lib.umn.edu/efans/cropnews/2014/06/considerations-for-flooded-corn-and-soybean.html [URL accessed June 2014].

Elmore, Roger and Lori Abendroth. 2008. Flooded Corn and Saturated Soils. Integrated Crop Management Newsletter, Iowa State Univ Extension. Online at http://www.extension.iastate.edu/CropNews/2008/0530RogerElmoreLori+Abendroth.htm [URL accessed June 2014].

Farnham, Dale. 1999. Corn survival in wet conditions. Iowa State Univ. Integrated Crop Management Newsletter. [On-line] Available at http://www.ent.iastate.edu/ipm/icm/1999/5-24-1999/wetcorn.html [URL accessed June 2014].

Laboski, Carrie. 2013. Potential for Nitrogen Loss Following Heavy Rainfalls. NPK et cetera. Univ of Wisconsin Extension. http://www.npketc.info/?p=180 [URL accessed June 2014].

Malvick, Dean. 2014. Soybean and Corn Seedling Diseases Increase With Flooded and Wet Soil Conditions. Minnesota Crop News, Univ of Minnesota Extension. http://blog.lib.umn.edu/efans/cropnews/2014/06/soybean-and-corn-seedling-dise.html [URL accessed June 2014].

Nielsen, R.L. (Bob). 2003. Bacterial Ear Rot in Corn Due to Flooding. Corny News Network, Purdue Univ. [online] http://www.kingcorn.org/news/articles.03/EarRot-0720.html. [URL accessed June 2014].

Nielsen, RL (Bob). 2008a. Growing Points of Interest. Corny News Network, Purdue Univ. Online at http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/GrowingPoints.html [URL accessed June 2014].

Nielsen, RL (Bob). 2008b. Tips for Staging Corn with Severe Leaf Damage. Corny News Network, Purdue Univ. Online at http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/VStagingTips.html. [URL accessed June 2014].

Nielsen, RL (Bob). 2012. Prevalent Purple Plants Perennially Puzzle Producers. Corny News Network, Purdue Extension. Online at http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/PurpleCorn.html [URL accessed June 2014].

Nielsen, RL (Bob). 2014a. Determining Corn Leaf Stages. Corny News Network, Purdue Univ. Online at http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/VStageMethods.html [URL accessed June 2014].

Nielsen, RL (Bob). 2014b. Use Thermal Time to Predict Leaf Stage Development in Corn. Corny News Network, Purdue Univ. Online at http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/VStagePrediction.html [URL accessed June 2014].

Pataky, J. K., and K. M. Snetselaar. 2006. Common smut of corn. The Plant Health Instructor. DOI:10.1094/PHI-I-2006-0927-01 [On-line] Available at http://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/lessons/fungi/Basidiomycetes/Pages/CornSmut.aspx [URL accessed June 2014].

Sweets, Laura. 2011. Crazy Top of Corn. Integrated Pest & Crop Management Newsletter, Univ of Missouri Extension. Online at http://ipm.missouri.edu/IPCM/2011/5/Crazy-Top-of-Corn/ [URL accessed June 2014].

Sweets, Laura. 2014. Seed Decay and Seedling Blights of Corn. Integrated Pest & Crop Management Newsletter, Univ of Missouri Extension. Online at http://ipm.missouri.edu/IPCM/2014/4/Seed-Decay-and-Seedling-Blights-of-Corn/ [URL accessed June 2014].

Thomison, Peter. 2010. Injury to Corn from Ponding and Saturated Soils. C.O.R.N. Newsletter, Ohio State Extension. Online at http://corn.osu.edu/newsletters/2010/2010-11/injury-to-corn-from-ponding-and-saturated-soils/?searchterm=ponding [URL accessed June 2013].

Wiebold, Bill. 2013. Heavy Rains Exclude Oxygen Needed for Seedling Health from Soils. Integrated Pest & Crop Mgmt, Univ of Missouri. Online at http://ipm.missouri.edu/IPCM/2013/5/Heavy-Rains-Exclude-Oxygen-Needed-for-Seedling-Health-from-Soils [URL accessed June 2014].